African Political Leaders Strategies
What are some of the strategies African political leaders use to keep themselves in power? Discuss three, explaining how and why each of them works.
WE BEGIN THIS BOOK at a moment of great promise.
A decade into the post-World War II peace, complementary geopolitical and ideological changes enabled aspiring
elites in the colonial world not only to articulate but also
to fulfill a vision of dividing empires into nations. A new
generation of Africans, imbued with ideals of nationalism, pan-Africanism, and independence, articulated the
aspirations of their colonized brethren.
Their idea that African states would escape the colonial
yoke became an achievable goal as the dust settled from
World War IL The war had incapacitated former empires.
France had been occupied, and General Charles de Gaulle,
the leader of the anti-Nazi French resistance, ruled in exile
until 1944. Brazzaville in the Congo, not Paris, became
the symbolic capital of La France libre (Free France).
Meanwhile, Britain had made vast concessions to the
Congress Party in India about a future independence in
return for its support during the war. All the European
metropoles had expanded their armed forces by recruiting
and training soldiers from their colonies, and European
warfare gave African soldiers an experience of the wider
world and a confidence that they could succeed with selfrule.
Independence movements in sub-Saharan Africa came