Aristotle Hierarchical Nature of Activities
Assigned Reading Comprehension Questions Here are the questions for this week. These questions will serve as the pool from which I will construct the final exam. Note: not all questions are assigned to an individual student. You should answer those on your own. As always, let me know if you have questions. Length requirement 1 to 2 paragraphs or fully explaining in your own words. Second section: Transition from popular moral philosophy to the metaphysics of morals 1. Why can’t we use experience to discover moral rules? pp. 4:408-409 2. What is the worst thing we can do for morality? pp. 4:408-409 3. Why can’t even Jesus Christ serve as a model for moral action? pp. 4:408409 4. What does Kant mean when he says that all moral concepts must be a priori? pp. 4:411-412 5. What happens when reason is perfect and perfectly controls the will? pp. 4:412-413 6. What does Kant mean when he says “Actions objectively recognized as necessary are subjectively contingent?” p. 412-413 7. What is the relationship between the objective principle of reason and the subjective will? pp. 4:412-414 8. What are the two different kinds of imperatives? pp. 4:414-415 9. What end do we all have? (Kant thinks that it is naturally necessary.) pp. 4:415 10. Why can the moral law not be to maximize happiness? pp. 4:417-418 11. What is the natural law formulation of the categorical imperative? pp. 4:421 12. On the natural law formulation, why is suicide immoral? pp. 4:421-422 13. On the natural law formulation, why is a lying promise immoral? pp. 4:422 14. On the natural law formulation, why is not developing one’s talents immoral? pp. 4:422-423 15. On the natural law formulation, why is rejecting charity immoral? pp. 4:423 16. Explain the two tests for consistency of natural law and maxim. What two different kinds of duties are illustrated? pp. 4:423-424 17. Why does Kant believe that the rational will is of absolute value, i.e., valuable as an end in itself? Pp. 4:427-429 18. What is the end-in-itself formulation of the categorical imperative?
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