Biological Anthropology Lab Questions

Biological Anthropology Lab Questions

Lab 8: Bipedalism & Human Origins ● ● ● Below is a breakdown of the concepts covered in each exercise: EXERCISE 1 Adaptations for Bipedalism 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. EXERCISE 2 Ardipithecus ramidus Case Study 1. 2. 3. 4. review the assessment questions and prepare your answers before accessing the google form. Concept Introduction Bipedalism 1 Let’s Examine Types of Bipedalism Habitual Bipedalism Obligate Bipedalism Occasional Bipedalism 2 Adaptations for bipedalism Cranial Adaptations 3 Adaptations for bipedalism Cranial Adaptations Quadruped Foramen Magnum Biped Foramen Magnum 4 Adaptations for bipedalism Vertebral Adaptations Lemur Modern Human 5 Adaptations for bipedalism Pelvic Adaptations Ilium Chimpanzee Pelvis Ilium Modern Human Pelvis 6 Adaptations for bipedalism Pelvic Adaptations Chimpanzee Pelvis Modern Human Pelvis 7 Adaptations for bipedalism Lower Limb Adaptations Human Knee A. afarensis Knee Ape Knee 8 Adaptations for bipedalism Foot Adaptations Chimpanzee Human Hand Bones Foot Bones 9 Adaptations for bipedalism Let’s Recap Human Chimpanzee 10 END OF EXERCISE 1 Take a break, then move to Exercise 2 Concept Introduction The Earliest Hominins 11 Human Origins Evolutionary Transitions 1 3 2 4 5 12 Cast Study Ardipithecus Ramidus Who is Ardi? Limb Proportions Pelvic Characteristics Skull & Facial Characteristics 13 Cast Study Ardipithecus Ramidus Ar. ramidus Artist Reconstruction Ar. ramidus 3D Skull & Foot Visuals “Ardi” Recovered Skeleton 14 Case Study Ardipithecus Ramidus Foot Characteristics Pelvic Characteristics Hand & Forelimb Wrap Up 15 Concept Wrap Up Origins of Bipedalism 1 2 4 3 5 16 END OF EXERCISE 2 Take a break, then move to the assessment Lab 1 Assessment Question 1: Mystery Primate A Mystery Primate B Question 2: Question 3: Fossil Hominin Specimen Question 4: Question 5: Question 6: Case Study Questions Question 1: Question 2: A: B: Question 3: What inferences can you make about the ways that group size and feeding behavior may have changed in hominins who lived during the Miocene period? Question 4: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How would you rephrase this question to better address this possibility? Question 5: Question 6: ● ● ● END OF LAB 8 Submit your assessment questions, and you’re all set!

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