Each character (like ‘A’) has an associated numeric value (the ASCII value which, for ‘A’ is 65). This is related
to Step 1 of the encryption algorithm, as explained in the lab:
“Our basic strategy for encrypting data is based on mapping alphabetical characters to specific values”
These specific values are, as also explained in the lab:
“A = a = 0
B = b = 1
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Z = z = 25″
How might you map the character ‘A’ to the value 0?