For Catherine Owens Only

Response to this discussion in APA format 1 and half page long 4 references 2 from Walden University Library Due 10/18/17 at 1800.  

The difference between management and leadership roles

             In my facility, the terms leadership and management are used inversely by the staff.  They feel that it is one and the same.   Jennings, Scalzi, Rodgers, & Keane conducted a study to look at the similarities and differences between the two (2007). They reviewed over 100 articles related to both roles and found that of the 862 competencies that were mentioned as a requirement for both leadership and management roles, 830 of them were the same exact competencies. They noted that the competencies associated with strictly leadership pertained to political skills and using power.  Whereas competencies only related to management involved economics, biostatistics, epidemiology, and evidence-based practice (Jennings, et al., 2007). Although 830 out of 862 competencies are the same for both roles,  leadership roles are essential to establish direction and create change within an organization, and management roles focus less on change and more on budget and problem solving and developing goals (Laureate, 2012).  

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A leader but not a manager

              Leaders are everywhere, and they don’t necessarily always have a title.  A leader who I have worked with in my facility was a staff operating room nurse, who for purposes of this assignment we will call Jennifer.  Jennifer had a reputation for being intimidating and not always very pleasant to work with.  She had high expectations from everybody she worked with.  When the manager of the operating room resigned, Jennifer was promoted to manager.  Although she was intimidating, she was respected by the staff because she leads by example, jumped in when needed, listened, and collaborated.  She changed the culture of the OR and implemented the necessary changes to improve the patient experience and staff satisfaction.  Although her title was the manager, her role seemed to be more of a traditional leadership role.

A manager but not a leader

            When Jennifer resigned from her position as manager of the OR, her replacement who we will call Kathy, was just the opposite.  Kathy had no O.R. experience, and because of that, she was not respected by the staff at all.  Kathy, did, however, have a better understanding of the complexity of problems and the ability to solve them in different ways then Jennifer did.  Kathy managed the O.R. budget and was able to negotiate with vendors to bring in newer and better equipment for the surgeons.  

Summary

With the constant changes that occur in the health-care system, it is increasingly vital for nurses to develop skills as both a manager and a leader (Marquis & Huston, 2017).  Both roles have many of the same qualities, and it is important for the future of nursing that nurses are aware of, and possess, the qualities that both of these roles require. 

References

Marquis, B. L., & Huston, C. J. (2017). Leadership roles and management functions in nursing:

            Theory and application (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Jennings, B. M., Scalzi, C. C., Rodgers, J. D., & Keane, A. (2007). Differentiating nursing

            leadership and management competencies. Nursing Outlook, 55(4), 169–175.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2012f). Integrating leadership and management

            competencies. Baltimore, MD: Author.