Mind Body Dualism Essay
Essay 2 Follow the instructions given below carefully. Write an essay that focuses on one of the arguments found in any of the readings assigned for modules 4 – 7. 1. Submit your essay as an attachment. Use a word document file extension of some sort (rtf, doc, docx, odt, etc.) do not submit a pdf file. 2. Do not quote or cite (or plagiarize) the PowerPoints from the course—they should only be used to help you understand the material. All citations and quotations should come directly from the readings. 3. The essay should be 3 to 4 pages. 4. Do not use outside sources—only use the readings that were assigned for the course—do not go out on the internet and look up sources. Your essay must follow this format: 1. Begin with an introductory paragraph that a) presents your thesis; b) identifies which text and author you will discuss, and c) prepares the reader for the organization of your paper. Your THESIS is a clear and exact statement of the claim you will support in your essay. a. Thesis Statement: You must tell the reader specifically what position you will defend. Example of a thesis statement: “Carl Cohen’s claim that reason is required to justify the extension of moral consideration is flawed. One’s capacity to suffer, should be the only requirement necessary to justify the extension of moral consideration.” 2. The body of the paper should consist in a focused discussion of the author’s argument from your chosen reading. Your paper should provide a clear exposition of one of the arguments offered by the specific author from the text you focus on. Following the exposition, give one or two objections to the author’s claims. Discuss your objection(s) carefully. Provide the strongest possible counter-argument or counterexample. Be sure that your objection(s) are specifically linked to the arguments given by the author whose work you have exposited. Next, offer possible responses to your objections. In other words, present possible responses/arguments against your original objections. Then offer replies to these responses in an effort to show that the original objection (your argument) still stands. In other words, offer reason to believe that one should not accept the responses to your original objection(s). 3. The conclusion should not simply repeat what you have already said in the body of the paper. The concluding remarks may reiterate briefly the structure of your foregoing argument and the conclusion(s) you have reached. But, crucially, concluding remarks should say something more than this. Are there still further, related questions that you have not addressed? Does your discussion have an important implication for the topic, for philosophical theory, for life in general? In other words, try to show how your work in this particular essay reaches out to other topics of interest or paves the way for further argument or analysis. Remember that philosophy papers rarely solve problems once and for all time, so resist the temptation to overstate or exaggerate your conclusions. It is reasonable, even admirable, to acknowledge the limitations of your discussion in your concluding remarks. 4. Quote and cite the text to support your discussion (Footnotes or parenthetical citations are preferred). All verbatim quotation must use quotation marks. Citations are also required for paraphrases of the text. The goal is to point the reader to the appropriate passages of text where the claims are made. Use quotations selectively; most of the paper should be written in your own words. Use a works cited page. In a nutshell: 1. Tell the reader what text you will discuss, identify the specific author you will address, offer a thesis statement (the position you will defend), and give a brief overview of how the essay will proceed. 2. Explicate the specific author’s argument from the text you have chosen—explain the argument in detail, walk the reader through the argument step by step. 3. Offer objections to the argument—point out problems with the author’s argument, and offer your own argument in an effort to justify your
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