Observational Measurement of Behavior
Critically discuss the difference between the depth of intervention and the psychological contract.
What are their implications for employee involvement and choice? (Use examples of your own choice).
Question 2 (5 Marks)
“The Human Relation Approach was a major shift in the history of organizational development
which transformed the way organizations’ performance and structure. However, this approach is
not applicable for modern organizations.”
Defend or contradict the previous statement. Support your position with evidence/examples from
businesses practices within local or global markets.
Question 3 (5 Marks)
“Contingency Theory began by questioning and rejecting the idea that there is a ‘one best way’ for
all organisations. Instead, it argued for a ‘one best way’ for each organisation. It did not, therefore,
reject the Classical approach and the Human Relations approach; instead it maintained that the
optimal structures and practices of an organisation are dependent.” (Burnes, 2017).
In the light of the previous statement, discuss the three main contingencies that influence determining
organizations’ structures (Environmental uncertainty and dependence, Technology, and Size). Use the
case of Saudi Electricity Company to elaborate your discussion.
Question 4 (5 Marks)
Charles Handy argues that three generic types of organisation will dominate in the future, namely:
Shamrock, Federal, and Triple I.
Analyze these three types of organizations by providing examples of each type and linking your
analysis to the concept of “Organization Excellence” and the work of Tom Peters.
Question 5 (5 Marks)
Discuss the concepts of Power and Politics in organizations. Use the work of Michael Jarret for
mapping and analyzing the political terrain.
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• Deadline for submitting the exam is 10th of November at 8:00 PM (Riyadh time)
• Late submissions will be subject to marks deduction.
Note: The exam is an individual assignment and not be circulated nor shared with other students
under any circumstances.
Grading Breakdown (for each question):
Covering the related concepts and developing
logical and reasoning discussion/analysis
Quality of supporting examples/evidence 25%
Writing clarity, consistency, and quality 20%