Philosophy Contemporary Moral Issues
Your name: Philosophy , Contemporary Moral Issues Please answer either the questions about immigration OR the questions about North Korea. (Don’t answer both sets of questions!) Use this Word document and type your answers into it. Please leave the questions in your answer, and leave them in bold, just as they are. Please don’t change the order of the questions or their parts. Your total exam should be at least 5-6 pages typed, double-spaced, but can be longer. what you write must be written entirely on your own, and none of it may be copied and pasted from the internet even if you revise and alter what you find there. The amount of blank space under each question is merely a suggestion; if you need more space for your answer, feel free to use it. 1 IMMIGRATION (Some of these are concepts that are relevant to immigration even though they aren’t specifically about immigration, like positive and negative duties. You’ll get more credit if you give an immigration-related example in your answer for each one.) FIVE POINT QUESTIONS 1. What are positive and negative duties, and why do people tend to think that we have more (or stronger) negative duties than positive duties? (5 points) 2. What are the two ways that positive duties can arise? (5 points) 3. Give an example of the distinction between having a right to do X and X being the right thing to do. (5 points) 4. Explain what rights are, and what it means to say that they are or are not absolute. (5 points) 5. Explain what autonomy and the right of self-determination are. (5 points) 6. What is a legitimate state? (5 points) 7. What is sovereignty? (5 points) 8. What are the two ways to object to an argument? (5 points) 9. What is a fact-based argument for or against closed borders? How do such arguments differ from Wellman’s argument? (5 points) 2 10. Tell me what DACA is, and what its present political and legal status is. (5 points) TEN POINT QUESTIONS 11. What is a moral dilemma? As part of your answer, give an example of a conflict between rights and welfare. (10 points) 12. In your own words, restate Wellman’s argument that legitimate states have a moral right to close their borders to immigrants. (10 points) 13. Present an objection to Wellman’s argument. Be sure to talk about the two ways to object to an argument, and tell me which step(s) your objection(s) is/are about. (10 points) 14. Present a reply that Wellman can make to the objection above. (10 points) 15. Present an argument or arguments against repealing DACA (other than objections to Wellman’s argument). These arguments can be philosophical or factual. (10 points) 3 NORTH KOREA. North Korea claims it needs nuclear weapons and missiles capable of carrying those weapons all the way to the United States in order to deter the United States and its allies from attacking North Korea. Imagine that the President is considering ordering a massive military drone strike on suspected nuclear missile sites, bomb-production and stockpiling sites, and nuclear weapons research sites in North Korea, and would do this without warning to North Korea. For purposes of your discussion, assume that we do not know for sure how North Korea, China, Russia, or any other nation in the region would respond. SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS 16. What is jus ad bellum and the 7 conditions for it? Explain each condition in detail, using examples. (5 points) 17. What is jus in bello and the 2 conditions for it? Explain both conditions in detail, using examples. (2 points) 18. What is the distinction between preventive war and preemptive war, and which is considered morally permissible according to just war theory? (2 points) 19. What is the doctrine of double effect (include all three conditions)? (2 points) 20. Some people think that the use of military drones can create certain problems or risks. Explain what problems and risks those people are worried about. Discuss whether using military drones (rather than conventional military forces) in the hypothetical strike against North Korea raises any of those concerns, and if so, how. (7 points) 4 21. What is the wrongful intention principle? (2 points) 22. What is mutual disarmament and what are the pros and cons of this? (5 points) 23. What is unilateral disarmament and what are the pros and cons of this? (5 points) 24. What are the moral arguments in favor of North Korea possessing nuclear weapons and missiles as a deterrent force? (5 points) 25. What are the moral arguments against North Korea nuclear weapons and missiles as a deterrent force? (5 points) LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS 26. Reread the description above of a military strike against North Korea. Would that strike be justified under just war theory? Why? Why not? Use the 7 conditions of jus ad bellum and the 2 conditions of jus ad bello in your answer. (30 points) 5 27. If we mount that military strike against North Korea, is North Korea justified in using nuclear weapons against the United States in order to defend itself? (30 points) 6
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