Political Parties Discussion

Political Parties Discussion

Please answer the following 2 questions in the essay in detail with facts (meaning quotes from the below articles at least 2 from the article selection 1 and 4 from the article selection 2 A total of 6 article) to strengthen the arguments.

1. What evidence do we have that party polarization is increasing? (what is partisanship and how do we select/filter information and/or changes in the premise of Duncan Black’s medium voter theorem and/or some information on realignment (especially if you think we are going through one now)

2. What are the root causes of party polarization? (Make sure to include the institutional changes (both legal and other—media, etc.) that may have contributed to the increase)

Article Selection 1:

– Paul Herrnson (2002), “Two‐party dominance and minor party forays in American politics”

– ESSENTIAL David Mayhew (2000), “Electoral realignments”

– Robert Harmel (1997), “The impact of new parties on party systems”

– Rosenstone et al. (1996), “A theory of third party voting”

– Formisano (2016), “The populist tsunami of the second gilded age”

– Paul Herrnson (2002), “Two‐party dominance and minor party forays in American politics”

– David Mayhew (2000), “Electoral realignments”

– ESSENTIAL Robert Harmel (1997), “The impact of new parties on party systems”

– Rosenstone et al. (1996), “A theory of third party voting”

– Ron Formisano (2016), “The populist tsunami of the second gilded age”

Articles selection 2:

MODERN POLARIZATION

– Seth Hill and Chris Tauanovitch (2017), “Southern realignment, party sorting, and the polarization of American primary electorates” (Public Choice, 176: 107-132)

– Jesse Sussell and James Thomson (2015), “Is geographic clustering of voters driving rising polarization in congress?”

– Corey Lang and Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz (2015), “Partisan sorting in the U.S., 1972-2012: new evidence from a dynamic analysis” (Political Geography, v48: 119-129)

– Matthew Levandusky (2013), “Do partisan media make viewers dislike and distrust the opposition?”
(How Partisan Media Polarize America)

– Nicholas Davis and Johanna Dunaway (2016), “Party polarization, media choice, and mass partisan-ideological sorting”
(Public Opinion Quarterly, v.80:1: 272-297)

THE POLARIZATION OF PARTY POLITICS–RESULTS

– Gary C. Jacobson (2012), “The electoral origins of polarized politics: evidence from the 2010 cooperative congressional election study” (American Behavioral Scientist, v56.12: 1612-1630)

– Kenneth Lowande and Sidney Milkis (2014), “We Can’t Wait”: Barack Obama, partisan polarization and the administrative presidency” (the Forum, v12.1: article 1)

– Sidney Milkis and Nicholas Jacobs (2017), “‘I alone can fix it’ Donald Trump, the administrative presidency, and hazards of executive-centered partisanship” (the Forum, v15:3: article 9)

– David R. Jones (2015), “Declining trust in congress: effects of polarization and consequences for democracy (the Forum, v13.3: article 2)

* No outside resources other than the suggested readings.

* Work citations must be done fully and accurately in MLA format.

* The essay must be done on the originality of thoughts!! NO plagiarism is allowed.

* All sentences must be paraphrased, easy to read and clear.

* The paper should not be a string of unrelated quotes and that citations are meant to clarify or reinforce a point you have made in your own words.