Political Science and American Constitution Legal Cases
Discussing the concept of “presidential immunity;” b. Recognizing the authority of the president to remove officers performing purely executive functions; c. Recognizing the federal government’s power over interstate commerce; d. Representing the demise of the application of “substantive due process” in the economic realm 2. The decision of the Supreme Court in NLRB v. Jones and Laughlin Steel is more consistent with the decision in: a. b. c. d. Wickard v. Filburn US v. Nixon Myers v. U.S. Schechter Poultry Co. v. U.S. 3. After 1937, and at least until 1995 the Supreme Court was more wiling to: a. b. c. d. support public school segregation. affirm federal legislation which was passed pursuant to the Commerce Clause. rule in favor of the “court packing” scheme ignore the president 4. The decision in U.S. v. Lopez (addressing the Gun Free School Zone Act) can best be described as: a. standing for the principle that drug trafficking constitutes a federal crime; b. holding that congressional power over interstate commerce does not extend to prevention of firearm possession near a school; c. permitting state action to prevent gun possession in school zones; d. requiring voter registration prior to federal elections. 5. Hammer v. Dagenhart can best be described as: a. holding that, at that time, Congress did not have power to regulate products manufactured by children; b. requiring Congress to confirm Supreme Court nominees; c. prohibiting farmers from growing crops for their own consumption; d. regulating the production of poultry in urman areas such as Brooklyn, NY. ___________________________________ True and False: 10% Briefly explain your answers (do not exceed the space provided). 1. FDR’s “court packing” scheme was designed to reduce the number of supreme court justices from nine to six. Civics: 10% 1. The U.S. Senate consists of how many members? 2. How long are the terms of U.S. Senators? 3. The U.S. House of Representatives consists of how many members? 4. How long are the terms of U.S. Representatives? 5. How long are the terms of U.S. Judges and Justices? Current Events: 20% 1. In a recent concurring opinion involving Wisconsin’s election method, Justice Kavanaugh, in a footnote, invoked the 2000 decision in Bush v. Gore. What was Justice Kavanaugh’s analysis outlined in that footnote? Essay: 1. 30% Please provide a brief answer to the following question, citing the most relevant case which applies. (Use the back of page (1) of the exam if necessary) Imagine this is 1935. Congress passes a bill which allows the Agriculture Department to restrict the number of trees grown in any commercial orchard. Richard Citrusmonger owns a 3 acre apple orchard with one hundred trees, a number which is acceptable to the Agriculture Department. However, on one corner of the orchard, Richard has planted three extra apple trees, the apples from which his wife uses for apple pie and cider which are consumed solely by their family. Because of these extra trees, the Department imposes a fine of $1000. Richard object, but looses his case at the trial and appellate level. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear his case. You are a clerk for the justice who is assigned to draft the opinion for the court. Write a brief memo and cite at least one case which explains whether Richard should prevail. …
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