1. Beyond Words, Chapter “Ebony and Ivory” Reflection (I need this in about 40 hours)
- In a few words (no more than two sentences), summarize Safina’s overall message in this passage.
- Who seems to be Safina’s intended audience? Based on what evidence (quote from the text)? How would you describe the intended audience’s attitude toward Safina’s message?
- To whom is Safina’s message not intended? Based on what evidence (quote from the text)?
- Who would disagree with Safina’s message but still care about the survival of the African elephant? In other words, who would disagree with his approach but sympathize with the cause?
- IMPORTANT: The purpose of this exercise is to think critically about those who would disagree with Safina’s argument other than the “obvious” opponents (that is, those who antagonize animals). Two groups of people may care about the survival of the African elephant, but they may disagree on the best method/approach to procure the conservation of this species.
- Do research to provide specific examples! Go online, find out which are the varying perspectives on this topic. What are the alternative methods/approaches proposed by wildlife conservationists? Safina’s proposed solution is quite extreme, would others agree with him
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2. Establishing Timeline, Prospectus, Annotated Bibliography (I need this before time limit)
Composed in three parts, you will begin with an argumentative timeline that explains how a minimum of five key events, scientific reports, policies, state/federal laws, and/or court cases that have contributed to the CURRENT iteration of the problem your project investigate and ends with a focused abstract that clearly defines and contextualizes the key terms of your project.
Some helpful official sites for looking up government data, supreme court cases, current and proposed federal legislation, think tank research:
- Catologue of U.S Government Publications: https://catalog.gpo.gov/F?RN=24907043 (Links to an external site.)
- Supreme Court cases past and present (with audio): https://www.oyez.org/ (Links to an external site.) (accessible!)
- Laws by state and federal governments: https://www.law.cornell.edu/ (Links to an external site.)
- Research Think Tanks: you can look at the Advocacy Resources tab under our course guide; you can also search these based on the affiliated political partiesâ€”e.g., conservative, progressive, independent, etcâ€”as well as the particular focus of the organizationâ€”education, economic, social, etcâ€”and more: http://think-tanks.insidegov.com/ (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)
- Federal Bills (tells you what bills have been introduced, what they are, when they were introduced and by whom, whether they passed or not and more: https://www.congress.gov/ (Links to an external site.)
1) Using key terms, look up relevant connected events/local policies/state and federal laws/court cases/movements that you think might be connected to your topic/problem (should be no less than 5 and no more than 10) and create a timeline. THE EVENTS ON YOUR TIMELINE SHOULD BE CONNECTED. Watch out for too much gaps in time (ex. 1915, 1919, 1930, 1980–if there is a 20 or 30 year gap in a series of dates that are relatively close in time, you have a problem). Your timeline should show variety, including articles from scientific journals, key government policies, and newspaper articles that address the scientific research and/or the government policies.
Arrange your timeline in the following manner:
Date: Include a paragraph-length summary of the date or period you chose and why. Add key events that brought your issue to the foreground (think of how the death of SeaWorld trainer Dawn Brancheau became a catalyst for cetacean captivity regulations).
Justification: After your summary, explain how your chosen date works to establish a relevant and direct connection to the problem your essay investigates. Cite as much research in these paragraphs as you can and don’t forget to include an MLA reference to the source from which you found your information.
2) Next, provide your full works cited page in proper MLA formatting (this should be a revised or additional list from your HCPDraftWork#1 works cited) with THREE minimum annotations of scholarly sources. Your full works cited page should include ten minimum sources total, excluding ANY encyclopedic sources (e.g., summary or overviews of, for example, court cases, events or movements). READ YOUR SOURCES AND TAKE NOTES!!!!
You may have changed your topic since the last blog post; you may have changed some of the source material you initially had, especially after completing your library modules. Be sure your sources are varied, that they combine news and scholarship and that they “tell the story” of your paper.
*When you ANNOTATE your scholarly sources, explain what each source is, who wrote it, where it came from, when, what is the ‘argument’ or perspective of the work, and how it works to develop your research. Each annotation should be about a paragraph in length. Please refer to the handout attached below.
3) Finally, you will compose an abstract of your project. An abstract is a paragraph to page-length summary of your project (single-spaced). You should aim for specificity, context, defining the terms of the project and critical engagement with the conflicts at work. The abstract should utilize information that you have already read and recorded. It should be clear to me that you have done some prior reading.
Your abstract can and should include some information from your previous draftwork (describes, using source material, at least ONE significant and concrete effect caused by the problem and at least ONE significant and concrete description of who or what, based in policy, is the cause of this effect).
Here is the breakdown of an abstract:
Describe your problem in one sentence – Be as specific as possible. For example, if you are going to investigate the effects of plastic pollution on marine biodiversity, you must select a specific region in the world, i.e. the California coastline.
From there, contextualize the problem, using as many specific dates, examples and places as you can. Provide a series of key events and legislation that your research will discuss at length later on.
Put those current problems in a broader context so that you can critically engage with the problem, showing conflicts in the logic of scientific research, government policies, and public opinion. In comparison to the moment when the problem first became a serious issue, what aspect of the problem has become a more pressing matter now? Is there agreement among the scientific community on the severity of the problem? Who are the ones who claim that they want to fix the problem? ect…
From here, articulate the questions your research aims to answer and the plan of action for the project’s conclusion: Example: “How did trophy hunting come about? What effects has it had on the survival of endangered species and the lives of the people living in sub-Saharan African communities? This essay will argue that trophy hunting derived from and is perpetuated by two major factors: poverty and government corruption.”