TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT
S.M.A.R.T. Learning Objectives
One of the aspects we will cover during this week’s discussion is writing/developing learning objectives. This is a vital initial step to complete during the planning and design phase of developing a training program. Once you have the learning objective you can begin the process of creating the backbone of your course training plan – learning assessments, learning content, instructional strategies, and learning activities/teaching methods.
Objectives not only outline what the learner is expected to know at the completion of training they also set the expectations for the trainer about what instruction is to be delivered. Well written objectives help with successfully ensuring the KSAs (Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities) needed for the job function or tasks can be completed and mastered to the standard of metric set for the task. Effective objectives should be specific, measurable, and observable. I’m sure through your courses of study you have reviewed writing SMART Goals. Well, this method can also be effectively used to create effective learning objectives as well.
The SMART acronym stands for:
· S – Specific (describes what a student should learn or be able to do after training)
· M – Measurable (the standard or metric you will be used to determine successful completion)
· A – Attainable/Achievable (does the learner have the existing knowledge and resources to complete the task.)
· R – Relevant (is learning connected to a purpose for the learner to learn the information)
· T – Timely (timeframe behavior will be complete)
· Using this method is a great way to check the effectiveness of your objective as written.
Read the “Writing Learning Objectives” attached in the Resources under Topic 3. Writing Learning Objectives
QUESTION 1- What are 2 -3 Key Points from your reading on the importance of well written learning objectives?
Page 6 of the Writing Learning Objectives in your Topic 3 Resources discusses Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy of Learning. Bloom’s is used when writing learning objectives and are written based on the KSA (Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities) the learner is expected to perform as a result of training.
Bloom’s discusses three categories or types of objectives – Affective, Cognitive, and Behavioral. QUESTION 2- Select one and describe the domain of learning and what assessment methods can you use to effectively measure learning in that domain?
Read “Tips for Writing Effective Learning Objectives,” from Communique (2019).
Read “Design of Learning Objects for Concept Learning: Effects of Multimedia Learning Principles and an Instructional Approach,” by Chiu and Churchill, from Interactive Learning Environments (2015).
Read “Objectives that Students Understand,” by Marzano, from Educational Leadership (2011).
Read “Examination of the Teaching Styles of Nursing Professional Development Specialists, Part I: Best Practices in Adult Learning Theory, Curriculum Development, and Knowledge Transfer,” by Curran, from The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing (2014).
Read “How Can We Align Learning Objectives, Instructional Strategies, and Assessments?,” by Kurt, from Educational Technology (2020). https://educationaltechnology.net/how-can-we-align-learning-objectives-instructional-strategies-and-assessments/
Read “Learning Eye to Eye: Aligning Training to Business Objectives,” by Biech, from the Association for Talent Development website. https://www.td.org/magazines/td-magazine/learning-eye-to-eye-aligning-training-to-business-objectives